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- THE TRIAL - HIS DEATH - [Spring AD 30] -


15th, of Aviv. The 5th .day of the week. (Wednesday sunset to Thursday sunset).
[The preparation day for the High Day Sabbath. Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54 and John 19:14, 31, 42]

THE TRIAL
Before Annas
JOHN 18
13And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, who was the high priest that same year. 14 Now Caiaphas was he, who gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

Before Caiaphas
MATTHEW 26
57And those who had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.
MARK 14
53And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
LUKE 22
54a Then they took him and led him and brought him into the high priest's house.

Peter and John Follow
MATTHEW 26
58aBut Peter followed him afar off to the high priest's palace,
MARK 14
54aAnd Peter followed him afar off, .
LUKE 22
54b And Peter followed afar off.
JOHN 18
15And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known to the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest. 16a But Peter stood at the door outside.
MATTHEW 26
58band went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.
MARK 14
54b even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.
LUKE 22
55And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them.
JOHN 18
16b So*  that other disciple went out, who was known to the high priest, and spoke to her who kept the door, and brought Peter inside. [* oun]

Caiaphas, the High Priest interrogates Jesus.
JOHN 18
19 So [oun] the high priest  asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine. 20Jesus answered him, I spoke openly to the world; I always taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, where the Jews always resort; and I have said nothing in secret. 21Why do you ask me? ask those who heard me, what I have said to them: behold, they know what I said. 22And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers who stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Do you answer the high priest so? 23Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why did you strike me? [24Annas binding him@ had sent* him to Caiaphas the high priest. (*Aorist tense. @The emphasis seems to be on Jesus being sent bound.]

Witnesses for the prosecution sought
MATTHEW 26
59Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; 60But found none: yes, though many false witnesses came, yet they found none. At last two false witnesses came, 61And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.
MARK 14
55And the chief priests and all the council sought for witnesses against Jesus to put him to death; and found no one. 56For many bare false witness against him, but their witness did not agree together. 57And there arose certain, and bore false witness against him, saying, 58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands. 59But neither did their witness agree together.

Before The Council
MATTHEW 26
62And the high priest arose, and said to him, Do you not answer anything? what is it that these witness against you? 63aBut Jesus held his peace.
MARK 14
60And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Do you not answer anything? what is it that these witness against you? 61aBut he held his peace, and answered nothing. .
MATTHEW 26
63bAnd the high priest answered and said to him, I adjure you by the living God, that you tell us whether you are the Christ, the Son of God. 64Jesus said to him, You have said: but I say to you, After this you shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 65Then the high priest tore his clothes, saying, He has spoken blasphemy; what further need do we have of witnesses? behold, now you have heard his blasphemy. 66What do you think? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.
MARK 14
61bAgain the high priest asked him, and said to him, Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? 62And Jesus said, I am: and you shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 63Then the high priest tore his clothes, and said, What need do we have of any further witnesses? 64You have heard the blasphemy: what do you think? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.
Luke 22 [Compare]
66And when it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying, 67 Are you the Christ? tell us. And he said to them, If I tell you, you will not believe: 68And if I also ask you, you will not answer me, nor let me go. 69Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. 70Then they all said, Are you then the Son of God? And he said to them, You say that I am. 71And they said, What need do we have of any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.

Assaulted
MATTHEW 26
67 Then they spit in his face, and buffet him; and others strike him with the palms of their hands, 68Saying, Prophesy to us Christ, Who is he who is striking you?
MARK 14
65 And some begin to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say to him, Prophesy: and the servants kept striking* him with the palms of their hands. [*imperfect tense]
Luke 22 [Compare]
63And the men who held Jesus kept mocking him, and striking him. 64And when they blindfolded him, they kept striking him on the face, and asking him, saying, Prophesy, who is striking you? 65And blaspheming they kept saying many other things against him.
MATTHEW 26
69a Now Peter sat outside in the palace:
MARK 14
66a And as Peter was beneath in the palace,

Peter's first denial
MATTHEW 26
69b and a damsel came to him, saying, You also were with Jesus of Galilee. 70But he denied before them all, saying, I do not know what you say.
MARK 14
66b one of the maids of the high priest came: 67And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked at him, and said, And you also were with Jesus of Nazareth. 68But he denied, saying, I do not know, neither do I understand what you say. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew.
LUKE 22
56 But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked on him, and said, This man was also with him. 57And he denied him, saying, Woman, I do not know him.
JOHN 18
17So*  the damsel that kept the door said to Peter, Are you not also one of this man's disciples? He said, I am not. 18And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself. [* oun]
Matthew 26 [Compare]
34
% Jesus said to him, Verily I say to you, That this night, before the cock crows, you shall deny me three times.

Mark 14
[Compare]
30
% And Jesus said to him, Verily I say to you, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, you shall deny me three times

Luke 22
[Compare]
34
% And he said, I tell you, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that you shall deny three times that you know me.

John 13
[Compare]
38
% Jesus answered him, Will you lay down your life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say to you, The cock shall not crow, till you have denied me three times.

Peter's second denial
MATTHEW 26
71And when he was gone out into the porch, another maid saw him, and said to those who were there, This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth. 72And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man.
MARK 14
. 69And the maid seeing him persistantly* began to say to those who stood by, This is one of them. 70a And he denied it again. [*palin]
LUKE 22
58And after a little while another saw him, and said, You are also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not.
JOHN 18
25And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. Therefore they said to him, Are you not also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.
Peter's third denial
MATTHEW 26
73And after a while those who stood by came to him , and said to Peter, Surely you also are one of them; for your speech betrays you. 74Then he began to curse and to swear, saying, I do not know the man. And immediately the cock crowed. 75And %Peter remembered the word of Jesus, who said to him, Before the cock crow, you shall deny me three times. And he went out, and wept bitterly..
MARK 14
70b. And a little after, those who stood by said again to Peter, Surely you are one of them: for you are a Galilaean, and your speech agrees to it . 71But he began to curse and to swear, saying , I do not know this man of whom you speak. 72And the second time the cock crew. And %Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said to him, Before the cock crow twice, you shall deny me three times. And when he thought on it, he wept.
LUKE 22
59And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with him: for he is a Galilean. 60And Peter said, Man, I do not know what you say. And immediately, while he yet spoke, the cock crowed. 61And the Lord turned, and looked at Peter. And %Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, Before the cock crows, you shall deny me three times. 62 And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
JOHN 18
26One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, said, Did I not see you in the garden with him? 27Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crowed%.

Jesus Abused
LUKE 22
63And the men who held Jesus kept mocking* him, and striking him. 64And when they blindfolded him, they kept striking* him on the face, and asking* him, saying, Prophesy, who is striking # you? 65And blaspheming they kept saying* many other things against him. [*imperfect tense #aorist]
Matthew 26 [Compare]
67 Then they spit in his face, and buffet him; and others strike him with the palms of their hands, 68Saying, Prophesy to us Christ, Who is he who is striking you?
Mark 14 [Compare]
65 And some begin to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say to him, Prophesy: and the servants kept striking him with the palms of their hands.

Before the Sanhedrin
LUKE 22
66And when* it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying, 67 Are you the Christ? tell us. And he said to them, If I tell you, you will not believe: 68And if I also ask you, you will not answer me, nor let me go. 69Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. 70Then they all said, Are you then the Son of God? And he said to them, You say that I am. 71And they said, What need do we have of any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth. [* 'wV]
Matthew 26 [Compare]
63bAnd the high priest answered and said to him, I adjure you by the living God, that you tell us whether you are the Christ, the Son of God. 64Jesus said to him, You have said: but I say to you, After this you shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 65Then the high priest tore his clothes, saying, He has spoken blasphemy; what further need do we have of witnesses? behold, now you have heard his blasphemy. 66What do you think? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.
Mark 14 [Compare]
61bAgain the high priest asked him, and said to him, Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? 62And Jesus said, I am: and you shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. 63Then the high priest tore his clothes, and said, What need do we have of any further witnesses? 64You have heard the blasphemy: what do you think? And they all condemned him to be guilty of death.

Taken to Pilate
MATTHEW 27
1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death: 2And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
MARK 15
1 And as soon as* it was morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. [*euqewV]
LUKE 23
1 And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him to Pilate.
JOHN 18
28a Consequently* they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment: [*oun]

Judas' remorse
MATTHEW 27
3Then* Judas, who had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, regretted himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, 4aSaying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? you see to that. 5And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple. He withdrew [anacwrew]
[*tote at that time. As Jesus was being led away through the temple precincts.]

4b and went and hanged himself. 6And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood. 7And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter's field, to bury strangers in. 8Therefore that field was called, The field of blood, to this day. 9Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him who was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value; 10And gave them for the potter's field, as the LORD appointed me.

Zechariah 11 [Text quoted]
13And the LORD said to me, Cast it to the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD. 14Then I cut asunder my other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah and Israel.

Acts 2 [Compare]
15 ... Peter ... said, ...  18 ... this man [Judas] purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out. 19 And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood.

Before Pilate
JOHN 18
28b and it was early; and they themselves did not go into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; so that they might eat the passover. 29Pilate then went out to them, and said, What accusation do you bring against this man? 30They answered and said to him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up to you. 31Then Pilate said to them, Take him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said to him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death: 32That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke, signifying what death he should die.

LUKE 23
2And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

JOHN 18
33a Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus,

MATTHEW 27
11a And Jesus stood before the governor:

MATTHEW 27
11b and the governor asked him, saying, Are you the King of the Jews?
MARK 15
2a And Pilate asked him, Are you the King of the Jews?
LUKE 23
3a And Pilate asked him, saying, Are you the King of the Jews?
JOHN 18
33b and [Pilate] said to him, Are you the King of the Jews?
JOHN 18
34 Jesus answered him, Do you say this thing of yourself, or did others tell it to you of me? 35Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you to me: what have you done? 36Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then my servants would fight, so that I would not be delivered to the Jews: but now my kingdom is not from here.

37a Therefore Pilate said to him, Are you a king then?

MATTHEW 27
11c And Jesus said to him,
You say it.
MARK 15
2b And he answering said to him, You say it.
LUKE 23
3b And he answered him and said, You say it.
JOHN 18
37b Jesus answered, You say that I am a king.
JOHN 18
37c To this end was I born, and for this cause I came into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Every one who is of the truth hears my voice. 38a Pilate said to him, What is truth?

38b And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews,

MATTHEW 27
12a And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders,
MARK 15
3a And the chief priests accused him of many things:
LUKE 23
4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man.
JOHN 18
38c and said to them, I find no fault in him at all.
LUKE 23
5And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.
MATTHEW 27
12b He answered nothing.
MARK 15
3b but he answered nothing.
MARK 15
4aAnd Pilate asked him again, saying, Do you answer nothing?
MATTHEW 27
13a Then said Pilate to him,
MATTHEW 27
13b Do you not hear how many things they witness against you? 14And he answered him to never a word; so that the governor marveled greatly.
MARK 15
4bBehold how many things they witness against you. 5But Jesus still answered nothing; so that Pilate marveled.
LUKE 23
6When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 7And as soon as he knew that he belonged to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.

Before Herod
LUKE 23
8And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad: for he was desirous to see him for a longtime, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. 9Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing. 10And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. 11And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. 12And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

Pilate Pleads For Him
MATTHEW 27
15Now at that feast the governor was used to releasing to the people a prisoner, whoever they wanted. 16And they had a notable prisoner then, called Barabbas. 17Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, Whom will you that I release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ? 18For he knew that they had delivered him for envy. 19When he had sat down on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, Have nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him. 20But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. 21The governor answered and said to them, Which of the two will you that I release to you? They said, Barabbas. 22Pilate said to them, What shall I do then with Jesus who is called Christ? They all said to him, Let him be crucified. 23And the governor said, Why, what evil has he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. 24When Pilate saw that he could not prevail, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: you see to it. 25Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.
MARK 15
6Now at that feast he released to them one prisoner, whomever they desired. 7And there was one named Barabbas, who lay bound with those who had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection. 8And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done to them. 9But Pilate answered them, saying, Will you that I release to you the King of the Jews? 10For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy. 11But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas to them. 12And Pilate answered and said again to them, What will you then that I shall do to him whom you call the King of the Jews? 13And they cried out again, Crucify him. 14Then Pilate said to them, Why, what evil has he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.
LUKE 23
13And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people,14Said to them, You have brought this man to me, as one who perverts the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things of which you accuse him: 15No, nor yet has Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done by him. 16I will therefore chastise him, and release him. 17(For of necessity he must release one to them at the feast.) 18And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release Barabbas to us: 19(Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.) 20Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spoke again to them. 21But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. 22And he said to them the third time, Why, what evil has he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go.23And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.
JOHN 18
39But you have a custom, that I should release to you one at the passover: therefore will you that I release to you the King of the Jews? 40Then they all cried again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

Shall I crucify your King?
JOHN 19
1Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. 2And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put a purple robe on him, 3And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they struck him with their hands. 4Pilate therefore went out again, and said to them, Behold, I bring him out to you, so that you may know that I find no fault in him. 5Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, Behold the man! 6When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate said to them, Take him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him. 7The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God. 8Therefore when Pilate heard that saying, he was more afraid; 9And went again into the judgment hall, and said to Jesus, Where are you from? But Jesus gave him no answer. 10Then said Pilate to him, Do you not speak to me? Do you not know that I have power to crucify you, and have power to release you? 11Jesus answered, You could have no power at all against me, except it were given you from above: therefore he who delivered me to you has the greater sin. 12And from then on Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If you let this man go, you are not Caesar's friend: whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar. 13When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.
14 Now it was the preparation for the passover week, and about the sixth hour: and he said to the Jews, Behold your King! 15But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate said to them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

Pilate Passes Sentence
MATTHEW 27
26Then he released Barabbas to them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.
MARK 15
15And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas to them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him , to be crucified.

Jesus Mocked
MATTHEW 27
27Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered to him the whole band of soldiers. 28And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. 29And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed their knees before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 30And they spit on him, and took the reed, and struck him on the head.
MARK 15
16And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they called together the whole band. 17And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head , 18And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews! 19And they struck him on the head with a reed, and they spit on him, and bowing their knees worshiped him.
LUKE 23
24And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. 25And he released to them him whom they had desired who for sedition and murder was cast into prison, but he delivered Jesus to their will.
JOHN 19
16Then therefore he delivered him to them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away

HIS DEATH
Sent To His Crucifixion
MATTHEW 27
31And after they had mocked him, they took the robe from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him away to crucify him.
MARK 15
20And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.
JOHN 19
17aAnd he bearing his cross went out

Simon a Cyrenian
MATTHEW 27
32And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: they compelled him to bear his cross.
MARK 15
21And they compelled one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.
LUKE 23
26And as they led him away, they laid hold on one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.

Golgotha
MATTHEW 27
33And when they were come to a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,
MARK 15
22And they brought him to the place Golgotha, which translated is, The place of a skull.
JOHN 19
17b into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:

Women Lament
LUKE 23
27And a great company of people followed him, and of women, who also bewailed and lamented him. 28But Jesus turning to them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. 29For, behold, the days are coming, in which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the paps which never gave suck. 30Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. 31For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

32And there were also two others, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.

Matthew 23:37, 38 [Compare]
37O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets, and stone those who are sent to you, how often would I have gathered your children together, even as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, and you would not! 38Behold, your house is left to you desolate.
[also Luke 13:34, 35]

Refuses Alcohol
MATTHEW 27
34They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted it, he would not drink.
MARK 15
23And they gave him wine to drink mingled with myrrh: but he would not receive it.

The Crucifixion
MATTHEW 27
35And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, %They parted my garments among them, and on my vesture they cast lots.

36And sitting down they watched him there;

37And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

38Then there were two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.

MARK 15
25And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.

26And the superscription of his accusation was written above, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

27And with him they crucified two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. 28And the scripture was fulfilled, which said, And  $he was numbered with the transgressors.

24And when they had crucified him, %they parted his garments, casting lots on them, for what every man should take.

LUKE 23
33And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, they crucified him there, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

34Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they do.

And they parted his clothes, and cast lots.

35And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he is the Christ, the chosen of God. 36And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, 37And saying, If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.

38And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

JOHN 19
18Where they crucified him, and two others with him, one on both sides and Jesus in the middle.

19And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20This title then many of the Jews read: for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.

21Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, Do not write, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. 22Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.

23 Then when the soldiers had crucified Jesus they took his garments and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his tunic: now the tunic was without a seam, woven throughout from the top . 24Therefore they said among themselves, Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it for whose it shall be: so that the scripture might be fulfilled, which said, %They parted my clothes among them, and for my vesture they cast lots. Therefore the soldiers did these things.

Luke 22 [Compare]
35And he said to them, When I sent you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, did you lack any thing? And they said, Nothing. 36Then he said to them, But now, he who has a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he who has no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one. 37For I say to you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And
$he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have a fulfillment. 38And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And he said to them, It is enough.

Isaiah 53 [$The text quoted]
12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he exposed his soul to death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bore the sins of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Psalm 22 [%The text quoted]
16For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. 17I may tell all my bones: they look and stare on me. 18They part my garments among them, and cast lots on my vesture.

Mocked
MATTHEW 27
39And those who passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, 40And saying, You who will destroy the temple, and will build it in three days, save yourself. If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross. 41 Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said, 42He saved others; he cannot save himself. If he is the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. 43He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. 44 The thieves also, who were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
MARK 15
29And those who passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, you who would destroy the temple, and build it in three days, 30Save yourself, and come down from the cross. 31Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; he cannot save himself. 32Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, so that we may see and believe. And those who were crucified with him reviled him.

The Dying Thief Repents
LUKE 23
39And one of the malefactors who were hanged railed on him, saying, If you are Christ, save yourself and us. 40But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Do you not fear God, seeing you are in the same condemnation? 41And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man has done nothing amiss. 42And he said to Jesus, Lord, remember me when you come into your kingdom. 43And Jesus says to him, Verily, I am telling you, You will be with me in paradise, today! [DIRECT TRANLSATION]

John Given Care Of Jesus' Mother
JOHN 19
25Now his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene stood by the cross of Jesus. 26Therefore when Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing by, he said to his mother, Woman, behold your son! 27Then he said to the disciple, Behold your mother! And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.*

He Dies
MATTHEW 27
45Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land to the ninth hour.
MARK 15
33And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
LUKE 23
44And it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. 45a And the sun was darkened,
MATTHEW 27
46And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? 47 Some of those who stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calls for Elijah.
MARK 15
34And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which translated is, My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? 35And some of those who stood by, when they heard it, said, Behold, he calls for Elijah.
Psalm 22 [The text quoted]
1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? why are you so far from helping me and from the words of my roaring?
Psalm 22 [Note this verse]
24
For he has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither has he hidden his face from him; but when he cried to him, he heard. [compare 2.Corintians 5:19, Hebrews 5:7, Matthew 36:38, 39, Mark 14:34, 36 & Luke 22:41-44, John 16:32]

JOHN 19
28After this [v.25], Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished,* so that the scripture might be fulfilled, he said, "I thirst." [* see v.30]
MATTHEW 27
48And immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. 49The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.
MARK 15
36And one ran and filled a sponge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave it to him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down.
JOHN 19
29Now a vessel full of vinegar was set there: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it on hyssop, and put it to his mouth.

JOHN 19
30a then when he received the vinegar, Jesus says: "It is finished!"(see v.28) [direct translation]
MATTHEW 27
50 but Jesus, again crying with a loud voice, yields up the Spirit.
[direct translation]
MARK 15
37  but Jesus uttering a loud cry, expires.
[direct translation]
LUKE 23
46 and crying with a loud voice, Jesus says, "Father, into your hands I will commit my spirit"and saying these things,*  he exspires. [direct translation]
(*see vv.34&46a)
JOHN 19
30b and bowing his head, surrenders his Spirit.
[direct translation]
MATTHEW 27
51a And, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom;
MARK 15
38And the veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom.
LUKE 23
45b and the veil of the temple was torn in the midst.

The Earthquake
MATTHEW 27
51b and the earth quaked, and the rocks rent; 52And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who slept arose,
Matthew 27:53 And they [the saints who slept] going out of the graves after his resurrection, entered into the holy city and appeared to many. [direct translation]

Luke 24:4 [Compare with the women's experience at the tomb]
... behold, two men stood by them in shining garments:

The Centurion's Confession
MATTHEW 27
54Now when the centurion, and those who were with him watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.
MARK 15
39And when the centurion, who stood opposite him, saw that he cried out so, and gave up the Spirit, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.
LUKE 23
47Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man. 48And all the people who came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, struck their breasts, and returned.

Women watch from a distance
MATTHEW 27
55And many women were there beholding afar off, who followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to him: 56Among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children.
MARK 15
40There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome; 41(Who also followed him when he was in Galilee and ministered to him;) and many other women who came up with him to Jerusalem.
LUKE 23
49And all his acquaintances, and the women who followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.

His side pierced

JOHN 19
31Therefore because it was the preparation of the sabbath, the Jews asked of Pilate that their legs might be broken, so that they might be taken away so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was the High Day). 32Then the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who was crucified with him. 33But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs: 34But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and immediately there came out blood and water. 35And he who saw it bore record, and his record is true: and he knows that he says the truth, so that you might believe. 36For these things were done, so that the scripture would be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. 37And again another scripture said, They shall look on him whom they pierced.

Taken Down From The Cross
MATTHEW 27
57When the evening was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who himself also was Jesus' disciple:
MARK 15
42And now when the evening was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, 43a Joseph of Arimathaea, an honorable counselor, who also waited for the kingdom of God,came,
LUKE 23
50And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counselor; and he was a good and just man: 51(The same had not consented to their counsel and deed;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God.
JOHN 19
38a And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews,
MATTHEW 27
58a He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus.
MARK 15
43b and went in boldly to Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
LUKE 23
52This man went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus.
JOHN 19
38b besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus:
MARK 15
44And Pilate marveled if he was already dead: and calling to him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been dead any while.
45a So when he knew it of the centurion,
MATTHEW 27
58b Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
MARK 15
45b he gave the body to Joseph.
JOHN 19
38c and Pilate gave him leave.
MARK 15
46a So buying fine linen, and taking Him down, [direct translation]
LUKE 23
53a And he took it down,
JOHN 19
38c Therefore he came, and took the body of Jesus.

Buried [1st. day in the tomb]
Part of the day being counted day 1.
JOHN 19
39And Nicodemus who at the first came to Jesus by night came also, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight.
MATTHEW 27
59And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,
MARK 15
46b he wraps him in the linen, [direct translation]
LUKE 23
53b and wrapped it in linen,
JOHN 19
40a Then they took the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes,

JOHN 19
40b with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 41a Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden;
MATTHEW 27
60a And laid it in his own new tomb,
MARK 15
46c and lays him in a tomb [direct translation]
LUKE 23
53c and laid it in a sepulcher
JOHN 19
41b and in the garden a new tomb,
MATTHEW 27
60b which he had hewn out in the rock:
MARK 15
46d which was hewn out of rock,  [direct translation]
LUKE 23
53d that was hewn in stone,
LUKE 23
53e in which man had never been laid before.
JOHN 19
41c in which man was never yet laid.
JOHN 19
42 Therefore they laid Jesus there because of the Jews' preparation day; for the tomb was near at hand.

The tomb shut
MATTHEW 27 60c and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. MARK 15 46e and rolls a stone across the tomb door way. [direct translation]
LUKE 23
54And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath was dawning.

The women intensly watched it all
MATTHEW 27
61And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the sepulchre.
MARK 15
47Now Mary the Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses were observing where he is being laid. [direct translation]
LUKE 23
55And the women also, who came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulcher, and how his body was laid.

The High Day Sabbath *[John 19:31] [1st. night and 2nd day in the tomb]
Also the preparation day for the regular weekly Sabbath.
16th, of Aviv. The 6th .day of the week. (Thursday sunset to Friday sunset).

The women buy aromatic spices
MARK 16
1And the sabbath occuring, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, buy aromatic spices, so that, returning, they could annoint him. [direct translation]
LUKE 23
56aAnd they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

A Guard deployed to secure the tomb
MATTHEW 27
62Now the next day, *that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees together, came to Pilate, 63Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. 64Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say to the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as you can. 66So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.
[*The passover week's initial High Day Sabbath. Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, John 19:14, John 19:31 and John 19:42]

The Regular Weekly Sabbath *[John 19:31] [2nd. night and 3rd day in the tomb]
Also the preparation day for the regular weekly Sabbath.
17th, of Aviv. The 7th .day of the week. (Friday sunset to Saturday sunset).

LUKE 23
56b and [the women who came with him from Galilee] rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
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