INTRODUCTION - THE FOUR GOSPELS - A.V. - CONTENTS

- BIRTH - [Autumn BC 5] - BAR-MITZVAH - [Autumn AD 8] -


Certainty
LUKE 1
1Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us, 2Even as they delivered them to us, who from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word; 3It seemed good to me also, having had a perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write to you in order, most excellent Theophilus, 4That you might know the certainty of those things, in which you have been instructed.

The Word
JOHN 1
1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2The same was in the beginning with God. 3All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. 4In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

5And the light shone in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

 
MATTHEW 1
His Hebrew legal genealogy by his stepfather Joseph
1The document of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, son of David, son of Abraham (direct traslation).
Luke 3 [Similar topic ]
His natural paternal genealogy by Mary's father Heli.
(The words: "the son" were inserted by the AV translators. They are misleadining, therefore they are ommited throughout this passage)
Abraham to David
2 Abraham was the father of Isaac;
  and Isaac was the father of Jacob;
  and Jacob was the father of Judas and his brothers;
3 and Judas was the father of Phares and Zara of Thamar;
  and Phares was the father of Esrom;
  and Esrom was the father of Aram;
4 and Aram was the father of Aminadab;
  and Aminadab was the father of Naasson;
  and Naasson was the father of Salmon;
5 and Salmon was the father of Booz of Rachab;
  and Booz was the father of Obed of Ruth;
  and Obed was the father of Jesse;
6aAnd Jesse was the father of David the king;
Abraham to David - (Verse sequence inverted for comparison.)
34c [Isaac] who was of Abraham,
34b [Jacob] who was of Isaac,

34a [Judah] who was of Jacob,
33e
[Phares] who was of Juda,
33d
[Esrom] who was of Phares,
33c [Aram] who was of Esrom,
33b [Aminadab] who was of Aram,
33a [Naasson] who was of Aminadab,
32e [Salmon] who was of Naasson,
32d [Booz] who was of Salmon,
32c [Obed] who was of Booz,
32b [Jesse] who was of Obed,
32a  [David] who was of Jesse,
From here the geneologies diverge.
David to Christ
6b and David the king was the father of Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias; 7And Solomon was the father of Roboam; and Roboam was the father of Abia; and Abia was the father of Asa; 8And Asa was the father of Josaphat; and Josaphat was the father of Joram; and Joram was the father of Ozias; 9And Ozias was the father of Joatham; and Joatham was the father of Achaz; and Achaz was the father of Ezekias; 10And Ezekias was the father of Manasses; and Manasses was the father of Amon; and Amon was the father of Josias; 11And Josias was the father of Jechonias and his brothers, about the time they were carried away to Babylon: 12And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias was the father of Salathiel; and Salathiel was the father of Zorobabel; 13And Zorobabel was the father of Abiud; and Abiud was the father of Eliakim; and Eliakim was the father of Azor; 14And Azor was the father of Sadoc; and Sadoc was the father of Achim; and Achim was the father of Eliud; 15And Eliud was the father of Eleazar; and Eleazar was the father of Matthan; and Matthan was the father of Jacob; 16And Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. 17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon to Christ are fourteen generations.
Christ to David. (Verse sequence not inverted.)
[Mary's father, Heli, was Jesus' nearest paternal ancestor]

23  Also Jesus himself was just turning* thirty years of age, being (**even though he was supposed to be the son of Joseph) **was of Heli, 24who was of Matthat, who was of Levi, who was of Melchi, who was of Janna, who was of Joseph, 25who was of Mattathias, who was of Amos, who was of Naum, who was of Esli, who was of Nagge, 26who was of Maath, who was of Mattathias, who was of Semei, who was of Joseph, who was of Juda, 27who was of Joanna, who was of Rhesa, who was of Zorobabel, who was of Salathiel, who was of Neri, 28who was of Melchi, who was of Addi, who was of Cosam, who was of Elmodam, who was of Er, 29who was of Jose, who was of Eliezer, who was of Jorim, who was of Matthat, who was of Levi, 30who was of Simeon, who was of Juda, who was of Joseph, who was of Jonan, who was of Eliakim, 31who was of Melea, who was of Menan, who was of Mattatha, who was of Nathan, who was of David,

[*Greek 'wsei and arcomenoV (from arcomai) .
**Greek wV - adverb of comparison - comparing what he was thought to be with what he really was. The comparison is: Jesus having no physical father Mary's father Heli was Jesus' nearest male ancestor.]

John's Birth Predicted [Summer BC6]
LUKE 1
5There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth. 6And they were both righteous before God, walking blameless. in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord. 7And they had no children, because Elisabeth was barren, and they were both well advanced in years. 8And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest's office before God in the order of his course, 9According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. 10And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the time of incense. 11And an angel of the Lord appeared to him standing on the right side of the altar of incense. 12And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell on him. 13But the angel said to him, Fear not, Zacharias: for your prayer is heard; and your wife Elisabeth shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name John*. 14And you shall have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth. 15For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother's womb. 16And he shall turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God.
[* John, Hebrew YEHOWHNAN = God is gracious]
LUKE 1
17And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
Malachi 4 [Similar topic]
5Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD: 6And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and strike the land* with a curse.
Matthew 11 [Similar topic]
12And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force. 13For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. 14And if you will receive it, this is Elijah, who was to come. 15He who has ears to hear, let him hear.
Matthew 17 [Similar topic]
10And his disciples asked him, saying, Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first? 11And Jesus answered and said to them, Elijah truly does come first, and restores all things. 12But I say to you, That Elijah has come already, and they did not know him, but have done to him what ever they wished. Likewise shall the Son of man also suffer of them. 13Then the disciples understood that he spoke to them of John the Baptiser.
Mark 9 [Similar topic]
11And they asked him, saying, Why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first? 12And he answered and told them, Elijah verily does come first, and restores all things; and how it is written of the Son of man, that he must suffer many things, and be set at naught. 13But I say to you, That Elijah indeed came, and they have done to him what ever they wanted, as it is written of him.
*[Hebrew ERETS  earth, land, world, ground,country, citizens, people etc.]
LUKE 1
18And Zacharias said to the angel, How shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well aged in years. 19And the angel answering said to him, I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God; and I am sent to speak to you, and to show you these glad tidings. 20And, behold, you shall be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because you did not believe my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season. 21And the people waited for Zacharias, and marveled that he tarried so long in the temple. 22And when he came out, he could not speak to them: and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: for he beckoned to them, and remained speechless.

23And it came to pass, that, as soon as the days of his temple service were accomplished, he departed to his own house. 24And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months, saying,25 Thus has the Lord dealt with me in the days in which he looked on me, to take away my reproach among men.

Jesus' Birth Predicted [Winter BC6/5]
LUKE 1
26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,* 27To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. 28And the angel came in to her, and said, Hail, you who are highly favored, the Lord is with you: blessed are you among women. 29And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. 30And the angel said to her, Fear not, Mary: for you have found favour with God. 31And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name JESUS. 32He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give to him the throne of his father David: 33And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. [*Mary 's home is in Nazareth]

34Then said Mary to the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? 35And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Spirit shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God. 36And, behold, your cousin Elisabeth has also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren. 37For with God nothing shall be impossible.

38And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word. And the angel departed from her.

Mary Visits Elisabeth
LUKE 1
39And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country hurriedly, into a city of Judaea40And entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth. 41And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit:

42And she spoke out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. 43And how is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44For, lo, as soon as the voice of your salutation sounded in my ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy. 45And blessed is she who believed: for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord.

46And Mary said, My soul magnifies the Lord, 47And my spirit has rejoiced in God my saviour. 48For he has regarded the low estate of his handmaiden: for, behold, from now onward all generations shall call me blessed.49For he who is mighty has done great things to me; and holy is his name. 50And his mercy is on those who fear him from generation to generation. 51He has shown strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. 52He has put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree. 53He has filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he has sent away empty. 54He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy; 55As he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed for ever.

56And Mary abode with her about three months, and returned to her own house*. [*her home in Nazareth]

John's Birth and Circumcision [Spring BC5]
LUKE 1
57Now Elisabeth's full time came that she should be delivered; and she brought forth a son.58And her neighbours and her cousins heard how the Lord had shown great mercy on her; and they rejoiced with her. 59And it came to pass, that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father. 60And his mother answered and said, Not so; but he shall be called John. 61And they said to her, There is no one of your kindred who is called by this name. 62And they made signs to his father, how he would have him called. 63And he asked for a writing tablet, and wrote, saying, His name is John.* And they all marveled. 64And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed, and he spoke, and praised God. [* John, Hebrew YEHOWHNAN = God is gracious]

65And fear came on all who dwelled round about them: and all these sayings were noised abroad throughout all the hill country of Judaea. 66And all those who heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, What manner of child shall this be! And the hand of the Lord was with him.

67And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying, 68Blessed is the Lord God of Israel; for he has visited and redeemed his people, 69And has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David; 70As he spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets, who have been since the world began: 71That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all who hate us; 72To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant; 73The oath which he swore to our father Abraham, 74That he would grant to us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear,75In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life. 76And you, child, shall be called the prophet of the Highest: for you shall go before the face of the Lord* to prepare his ways; 77To give knowledge of salvation to his people by the remission of their sins, 78Through the tender mercy of our God; by which the dayspring from on high has visited us, 79To give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace. [*Isaiah 40:3 Prepare the way of THE LORD (YHWH)]

80And the child grew, and increased strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his showing to Israel.

Joseph visits Mary.
MATTHEW 1
18Now the birth of Jesus Christ was in this way: When his mother Mary was espoused@ to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit.

Joseph's Dream.
MATTHEW 1
19Then Joseph her husband,@ being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privately. 20But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to yourself Mary your wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. 21And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.  [@They are legally espoused but not yet married.]

22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, 23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which translated is: God with us.

24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took to him his wife:@ 25a But did not know her until she had brought forth her firstborn son:@

Isaiah 7:14  [The text quoted]
14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, the virgin* will conceive and bear a son and will call his name Immanuel. [* Hebrew: HA ALMA = the virgin who is eligible for marriage.]

Joseph returns to Bethlehem# taking Mary with him.
LUKE 2
1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. 2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 3 And all went to be taxed, every one to his own city.# 4And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth,$ to Judaea, to the city of David,# which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) 5To be taxed,# with Mary his espoused wife,@ being great with child.  [#Bethlehem is Joseph's city.  $Mary's city  @They are not yet married.]

Jesus' Birth [Autumn BC5]
LUKE 2
6 And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. 7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.$
[$Maybe Bethlehem was crowded with folk making their way to Jerusalem for the Feast of Weeks]

The Shepherds
LUKE 2
8And there were shepherds in the same country abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9And, lo, the angel of the Lord came on them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. 10And the angel said to them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. 11For to you is born this day in the city of David a saviour, who is Christ the Lord. 12And this shall be a sign to you; You shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. 13And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, 14Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

15And it came to pass, as the angels had gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us go now even to Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord has made known to us. 16And they hurried and came and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger. 17And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which had been told them concerning this child. 18And all those who heard it wondered at those things which were told to them by the shepherds. 19But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart. 20And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told to them.

Jesus Circumcised
LUKE 2
21And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called Jesus, who was so named by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
MATT. 1
25b and he {Joseph} called his name JESUS.

Jesus Presented at the Temple
LUKE 2
22And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; 23(As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;) 24And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtle doves, or two young pigeons. [Exodus 13:2, Leviticus 12:6-8]

25And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Spirit was on him. 26And it was revealed to him by the Holy Spirit, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ. 27And he came by the Spirit to the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law, 28Then he took him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said, 29Lord, now let you your servant depart in peace, according to your word:30For my eyes have seen your salvation, 31Which you have prepared before the face of all people;32A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel. 33And Joseph and his mother marveled at those things which were spoken of him. 34And Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against; 35(Yes, a sword shall pierce through your own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.

36And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher: she was of a great age, and had lived with a husband seven years from her virginity; 37And she was a widow of about eighty four years, who did not depart from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day. 38And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise to the Lord, and spoke of him to all those who looked for redemption in Jerusalem.

The Wise Men From The East
MATTHEW 2
1Now Jesus being born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king - take note - astrologers arrive from the east in Jerusalem, 2saying, Where is the one being born King of the Jews? because we observe the star in the east, and we come to prostrate ourselves before him. (direct translation)

Consternation
3When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 4And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.

5And they said to him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet, 6And you Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, are not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of you shall come a Governor, who shall rule my people Israel. [Micah 5:2]

7Then Herod, when he had privately called the wise men, enquired of them diligently what time the star appeared. 8And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when you have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also.

Wise men visit Jesus
9When they had heard the king, they departed; and, lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was. 10When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy. 11And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshiped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented to him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh. 12And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way.

Family take refuge in Egypt
13And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be there until I bring you word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. 14When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: 15And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying: I have called my son out of Egypt. [Hosea 11:1]

The Masacre
16Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked by the wise men, was very angry, and sent out, and killed all the children who were in Bethlehem and in all its coasts, from two years old and under according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men. 17Consequently@ that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was *fulfilled, saying, 18In Rama there was a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping# for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not. [@Greek tote. *Jeremiah 31:15 ~BC606. #Greek klaiousa, sobbing]

Herod dies [About 25/27 November BC4]

MATTHEW 2
19But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead who sought the young child's life. 21And he arose, and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel.

They return to Nazareth
MATTHEW 2
22But when he heard that Archelaus reigned in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there: but, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee:
LUKE 2
39And as* they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city Nazareth. [*Greek 'wV]
23and arriving there he settled* in a city called Nazareth: so that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene. [*Greek: katwkhsen] See "THE DAY OF THE NAZARENE WILL MATERIALISE"

Jesus' Childhood

LUKE 2
40And the child grew, and increased strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was on him.

[Spring AD 9]

41Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover. 42And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. 43And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother did not know it. 44But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintances. 45And when they did not find him, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him.

46And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. 47And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.

48And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said to him, Son, why have you dealt thus with us? behold, your father and I have sought you sorrowing. 49And he said to them, How is it that you sought me? Did'nt you know that I must be about my Father's business? 50And they did not understand the saying which he spoke to them.

51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. 52And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.

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